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Модальный глагол must и его эквиваленты

I Вставьте глаголы to have to или to be to.

1. She … to send a telegram because it was too late to send a letter.

2. They decided that she … to leave them a message every tenth day.

3. You … to learn all the new words for the next lesson.

4. Do you know this man? He … to be our new teacher of history.

5. Who … to go to the library to get the new books? – I was, but I couldn’t because I …

to finish some work at the language laboratory.

6. It is raining. You … to put your raincoat.

7. “The patient … to stay in bed for a few days,” – ordered the doctor.

8. The child had stomach trouble and … to take castor oil.

9. I told her she … to open the window for a while every day.

10. The agreement was that if Johnny White could not repay the money he had

borrowed, then Luke Flint … to have the right to sell the land.

11. If I don’t ring up before six o’clock, then you … to go to the concert hall alone.

12. The planters … to gather their cotton at once, as they had been warned that heavy

rains were expected.

13. I … to wear glasses as my eyesight is very weak.


II Переведите на английский язык, употребляя модальный глагол must.

1. Я должна упорно работать над своим английским. 2. Вы должны внимательно слушать учителя на уроке. 3. Ты должен делать уроки каждый день. 4. Вы не должны забывать о своих обязанностях. 5. Вы должны быть осторожны на улице. 6. Она должна быть дома сейчас. 7. Мои друзья, должно быть, в парке. 8. Вы, должно быть, очень голодны. 9. Должно быть, очень трудно решать такие задачи.

10. Я должен повидать сегодня моего друга. 11. Он, должно быть, очень устал.

12. У них есть яхта. Они, должно быть, очень богаты. 13. Ты должен уехать завтра утром? 14. Вы не должны опаздывать. 15. Я не должен забывать о своей матери.

16. Я должен признать, что я неправ.


III Вставьте модальные глаголы should или had to. Раскройте скобки,

употребляя требующуюся форму инфинитива.

1. Mike isn’t here. He … (to leave) early. 2. The car broke down and they … (to get) the taxi. 3. You … (to disconnect) the computer yesterday. There is something wrong with it. You can’t send e-mail now. 4. She … (to go) shopping last Friday because there was nothing in the fridge. 5. I … (to write) this composition yesterday, but I was too busy as I … (to translate) a very long text from English. 6. I … not (to take) my little brother to the evening performance, he was so excited; but I really … (to do) so, for there was nobody at home to leave him with. 7. You … (to see) our team play! You have missed a lot. You … (to go) to the stadium. 8. It was a very important meeting and we … (to attend) it. That’s why we returned home late. 9. He … (to attend) the lesson: the material which the teacher explained was very difficult. 10. Although he felt unwell, he … (to attend) the lesson, because the teacher explained some very difficult material.