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The Language of Values Listening. By B. Obama. Read by the author.


Glossary:

self-evident – очевидный

endowed by the Creator – наделенный Творцом

unalienable rights – неотчуждаемые права

pursuit of happiness – стремление к счастью

deeply ingrained in – прочно укоренившийся

to take smth for granted – принимать что-либо как должное

to be suspicious of smb– с подозрением к кому-либо относиться

to meddle in smb’s business – вмешиваться в чужие дела

subsidiary values – дополнительный ценности

free will – свобода воли

tribal allegiances – родовая принадлежность

ethical precepts – этические принципы

constellation – совокупность


Assignment

1) Write down the first sentence of the passage. Try to explain it in your own words (orally).

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2) What unalienable rights does Obama mention? Where is this quote taken from?

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3) What are the two ways Americans understand their liberty in? Give examples:

a) _________________________________________________________________

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b) _________________________________________________________________

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4) Obama also mentions 9 of the-so-called ‘subsidiary values’. What are they?

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5) Why are they called ‘subsidiary’? ___________________________________________

6) What are these values rooted in? ____________________________________________

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7) What is the broader implication of those values?

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8) What does Obama mean by stressing that Americans are individualistic at heart?

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9) What are the 5 communal values mentioned by the speaker?

a) ____________________________________________________________________

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b) ____________________________________________________________________

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c) ____________________________________________________________________

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d) ____________________________________________________________________

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e) ____________________________________________________________________

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10) Discussion Make notes to answer the following questions in class.

Which values mentioned above, in your opinion, are more typical of American society?

Which values can be regarded as universal?

Which values mentioned above are common for Russian society as well?

American

universal

Russian